A list of few very important plants is given below: 1. It is a polyphagous pest, infesting gram, lablab, safflower, chillies, groundnut, tobacco, cotton etc. Egg: Spherical, yellowish eggs are laid singly on tender parts and buds of plants. Flower: It is mainly consumed as split seeds (husked and unhusked) and husked dal is ground into a fine paste and allowed to ferment Phaseolus mungo; Eng.-black gram; Verna. Severe infestation results in premature defoliation, development of sooty mould or honey dew and shedding of flowers and pods. The egg period lasts for 2-4 days. Foliar spray of 1% urea for yield improvement in black gram. As the overall demand for black gram has increased, farmers are encouraged to grow the cash crops. Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of same flower is known as autogamy or self pollination. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. The leaves are trifoliate with ovate leaflets, 4-10 cm long and 2-7 cm wide. The temperature in between 25 to 350 C is perfect for the black gram cultivation in India. It has a well-developed taproot and its stems are diffusely branched from the base. Black gram is used as a staple food in India and other parts of subcontinent for many years. Characteristics of Mutation: Ø Mutations are generally recessive; Dominant mutations do occur in nature.. Ø Mutations are generally harmful to organism; small percentage of mutation is beneficial.. Ø Mutation occurs at random in the chromosome, may occur in any gene.. Ø Some genes show higher mutation rate than others. Occasionally it has a twining habit and it is generally pubescent. 5.139). Probably the most well-known and high nutritional beans is Black Gram.This particular gram belongs to bean family, just like the mung beans species. Floral formula: Economic Importance of Family Papilionaceae: This family is of great economic value. Black gram (Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper) is an erect, fast-growing annual, herbaceous legume reaching 30-100 cm in height. The extra axillary position is formed due to the union of peduncle with the stem for some distance beyond the axil. The scientific name of the black gram is “Vigna Mungo”. The black gram cultivation has been taken up by the farmers extensively across the tail-end delta. It is also used as green manure crop. Autogamy is the closest form of inbreeding. Health benefits of Black gram. Black gram growing and cultivation practices:Being a short duration crop, it fits well in many intensive crop rotations. Black gram cultivation process requires the 60 to 75 cm annual rainfall but heavy rain damage the flower. Inflorescence: Extra axillary, 5-8 flowered scorpioid cyme called rhipidium. Black gram is used for making various types of south Indian breakfast such as dosa, idli, and vada. black gram ppt black gram cultivation in andhra pradesh organic black gram cultivation The Black gram is also famous as a “Urad Dal” and it is mainly used in food for making dal. The seeds are rich in proteins and used as ‘dal’. Mako or Makoh, Fig. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Black gram farming is done successfully at 1800 meters high from the sea level. Type 1. Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade, vern. For yield improvement through increasing the physiological, biochemical attributes, foliar spray of urea 1% on 30 and 45 days after sowing is recommended. They suck plant sap and lower its vitality. Gram pod borer Biology. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. 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