If needed, patch testing, a skin scraping/KOH test, or a skin biopsy may be done to help with the diagnosis. Mayba JN, Gooderham MJ. And while some have acute cases, others deal with it on a more chronic basis. Research shows that people with eczema may have an overactive immune system. Eczema is not a single health condition but a recognizable reaction pattern seen in a number of skin diseases. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it's thought to be linked to an overactive response by the body's immune system to an irritant. Soaps 2. If you have problems such as painful or watery eyes, sensitivity to light, eye redness, or eye pain, see a doctor. It is this inflammation that causes the red, itchy and painful skin symptoms common to most types of eczema. Also, defects in the skin barrier could allow moisture out and germs in. Although this isn't any different than eczema that develops on other areas of the face, it does need special consideration. An eczema rash can pop up anywhere on the body, but it can be especially uncomfortable, painful, and itchy when it appears on the face because of the skin's sensitivity. You might experience eczema symptoms at certain times of the year or on different areas of your body. This rash can turn into small, white blisters that will open and scab up if scratched. National Eczema Association. If eczema (facial or otherwise) lasts over long periods of time, the skin could eventually become thicker, discolored, or scarred. Factors that cause the skin to become dry, which in turn affects the skin's barrier function 2. © 2002-2021 National Eczema Association, All rights reserved. There are several types of eczema. 2013 Aug;15(4):303-10. Prompt treatment can help prevent eye problems from getting worse; untreated, they can cause vision loss. Without enough filaggrin to build a strong skin barrier, moisture can escape and bacteria, viruses and more can enter. There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. "The word eczema is often used when talking about atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema," she explains. Chlorine. Mold is a big one because it can trigger an inflammatory or allergic response that worsens eczema symptoms. Atopic dermatitis , contact dermatitis , dyshidrotic eczema and seborrheic dermatitis , also known as “cradle cap” in infants, are the most common types that affect children. For some, coming into contact with rough or coarse mate… Cetaphil Gentle Skin Cleanser. Jenny Lelwica Buttaccio, OTR/L, is a licensed occupational therapist and advocate for patients with Lyme disease. Read our, Medically reviewed by Jurairat J. Molina, MD, Medically reviewed by Casey Gallagher, MD, Medically reviewed by Corinne Savides Happel, MD. Aloe vera gel is derived from … Aloe vera gel. Everyday products can also exacerbate eczema because of the chemicals found in them. But first, what is eczema? When eczema develops, the skin’s ability to act as a … Creams and ointments will give your skin the most hydration. However, for most types of eczema, researchers believe a combination of genes and triggers are involved. Any cosmetic product that is used on the face should be fragrance-free and hypoallergenic. Atopic Dermatitis. Some people may experience minor flare-ups, such as mild to moderate itchy patches of skin, while others can develop flare-ups that include severe itching, dryness, or oozing and bleeding of the affected area(s). Read how one mom helped her son’s eczema by changing her laundry routine. Nearly 30 million people are living with eczema in the United States, and it impacts everyone differently. These include: 1. Baby eczema causes symptoms such as a red rash that makes the skin dry, itchy, and scaly. Because facial eczema is so front-and-center, many people feel embarrassed during a flare-up. You may feel less self-confident or withdraw from social situations. Eczema is a skin condition that causes scaly, itchy skin that develops a rash (which can get worse and often appears only when the skin is scratched). Laundry detergents 4. What Are Face Mites (Demodex Folliculorum)? Aqueous cream is a widely used product topically applied as an emollient for the symptomatic relief of dry skin conditions such as atopic eczema, and as a soap-substitute for skin … Fragranc… nuts. It’s an umbrella term for a number of closely related skin diseases, all of which cause a cluster of skin issues. Because they are nonsteroidal medications, they do not cause thinning of the skin. These trigger factors can be: 1. Heavy perspiration can lead … Steer clear of ingredients like parabens (a group of preservatives), salicylic and glycolic acids, fragrances, and retinol, as they can worsen irritation. Eczema affects everyone differently. To keep bothersome symptoms manageable, schedule regular visits with a dermatologist. An irritated scalp may be a sign of eczema. If the sun triggers a flare, you may need to wear sunscreen. J Cutan Med Surg. Thyssen JP, Toft PB, Halling-Overgaard AS, Gislason GH, Skov L, Egeberg A. That said, the sensitivity of facial skin must be kept in mind. If you have eczema, it's essential to keep your skin moisturized. Topical calcineurin inhibitors for atopic dermatitis: review and treatment recommendations. The cause of eczema is not fully understood. Paediatr Drugs. Potential causes of eczema are: 1. Problems in the skin barrier, allowing moisture out and germs in, could also be a cause. Facial eczema is incredibly in young children and may not be treated at all. Pet dander, or flakes of dead skin cells, is a common trigger for eczema and related conditions, like asthma. Stress. Finding people who understand can also do wonders for your mental outlook. If recommended, OTC 1% hydrocortisone cream is the preferred option, as it poses less risk of skin thinning and pigmentation changes than more potent formulations. Look for cosmetics with moisturizing ingredients. The specific cause of eczema remains unknown, but many health professionals believe that it develops due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Look for those that have hydrating ingredients like hyaluronic acid and shea butter. Itching of eczema can be extreme, to the point that it interferes with your ability to sleep or carry on with your normal daily activities. Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Casey Gallagher, MD, is board-certified in dermatology and works as a practicing dermatologist and clinical professor. We don’t know what exactly causes eczema. … The word atopic means any disease that possesses an inherited tendency to produce an allergic reaction in a genetically susceptible individual Good, gentle care of your skin is the cornerstone of your facial eczema treatment. The cream can be used short-term (less than four weeks) to ease itching and redness with your doctor's OK. Hydrocortisone should not be used in the eye area. The 8 Best Shampoos for Seborrheic Dermatitis of 2021, Find out How Using Hydrocortisone Cream Can Help Itchy Skin Rashes, Incidence, prevalence, and risk of selected ocular disease in adults with atopic dermatitis, Topical calcineurin inhibitors for atopic dermatitis: review and treatment recommendations, Review of Atopic Dermatitis and Topical Therapies, Dryness and flaking (these flakes may be yellow in the case of seborrheic dermatitis), Cracked skin that may bleed (in severe cases). There are everyday materials in the environment that can cause you to have an allergic reaction and trigger an eczema flare up. DOI: 10.1177/1203475416685077. Eczema, in some cases, can be mistaken for other similar-looking conditions: Rosacea: This skin condition also causes redness and bumpiness across the cheeks and chin. Incidence, prevalence, and risk of selected ocular disease in adults with atopic dermatitis. Get the latest information on causes of eczema and skin rash symptoms. This includes foods high in trans fats, such as margarine, processed food, and … In some cases, contact with an external irritant chemical or allergen can be the cause (contact dermatitis). Research also shows that some people with eczema have a mutation of the gene responsible for creating filaggrin. Phototherapy uses a device to emit ultraviolet B (UVB) light onto the skin, which reduces itching and inflammation, boosts the production of vitamin D, and enhances the body's natural ability to fight bacteria on the skin. Look for products that are dye-free and fragrance-free to reduce your chances of irritation, and with emollient ingredients like ceramides. When you’re out of the sun, wash your face and apply a moisturizer; sunscreens are helpful, but can be drying to your skin. J Am Acad Dermatol. But it’s believed to be triggered by an overactive immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants. Instead, your doctor will take a detailed look at your symptoms and medical history, as well as perform a visual exam of your skin. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) is a common allergic skin condition. antibacterial ointment like neomycin and bacitracin, formaldehyde, which is found in household disinfectants, some vaccines, glues and adhesives, isothiazolinone, an antibacterial that is found in personal care products like baby wipes, cocamidopropyl betaine, which is used to thicken shampoos and lotions, paraphenylene-diamine, which is used in leather dyes and temporary tattoos, among others. Reach out to supportive family and friends. Those with eczema around the eyes are more susceptible to certain eye problems such as conjunctivitis, inflamed cornea, and changes in the shape of the cornea (a condition called keratoconus).. Household cleaners 3. A person can use aloe vera gel directly from the plant. Eczema is … It's important to know what type of eczema you have in order to get the proper treatment. It is almost always quite itchy. Soap can be harsh and drying on your skin, making eczema worse. Be mindful of the sun. The National Eczema Association is the resource and the hub for the millions of Americans who are living with eczema. Some people may have \"flare-ups\" of the itchy rash in response to certain substances or conditions. If your eczema is mild, you may be able to keep in under control with good skincare practices and consistent moisturizing. When these aren't successful, phototherapy may be the next step. Cherries are high in inflammation-fighting flavonoids. Following are some possible triggers of facial eczema: Creams Detergent Dust Mites Hot weather Humidity Mold Pollen Shampoo Soap Products In some people, eczema stems from a genetic mutation that affects your body’s ability to make a skin protein called filaggrin. Use a gentle cleanser. According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), doctors are uncertain as to what causes eczema, but there are a few factors that seem to contribute to the potential development of this condition. Immune system dysfunction causing an unwanted inflammatory response in the skin.Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare (ie: become worse). Elidel and Protopic are medications commonly used to treat facial eczema. Filaggrin is a protein that helps our bodies maintain a healthy protective barrier on the very top layer of the skin. When trying to identify potential triggers, keep in mind that an eczema flare can appear some time after exposure. Studies show that people with eczema are more likely to have a genetic mutation that causes a deficiency in the protein… Genetic mutations that affect the skin's barrier function 3. Generally, products that contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are more easily tolerated by sensitive skin. Dr. Peredo emphasizes the importance of avoiding scrubs and … ; Atopic dermatitis, a common cause of eczema, is more prevalent in those with asthma and hay fever. Do You Have Rosacea, Psoriasis, or Eczema? Facial eczema is also quite common in babies and toddlers, but it can appear in people of any age. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Antihistamines can help in some cases, as can damp, cooling cloths placed over the itchy area. Though not a medical concern, eczema around the eyes can also cause skin wrinkling. In addition, eczema is commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma. Learn more about how stress and eczema are related. Proteins in pet saliva or urine also can set off eczema symptoms. 2017 May/Jun;21(3):227-236. Some of the most common are: seasonal pollen, dust mites, pet dander from cats and dogs, mold and dandruff.Allergens that cause symptoms to stick around a lot longer, or to come back, are much harder to pinpoint. If your itching is severe, ask your physician about the best ways to manage the itch. Perfumes/products with fragrance. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Eczema causes aren’t clear. Chemicals (hair dye, nail polish) Scratchy, irritating fabrics (stick … This is why many people with eczema have very dry and infection-prone skin. When you live with facial eczema, it can feel like your face takes center stage. Instead, consider a mild, non-soap cleanser. For people with eczema, eating certain foods can trigger the body to release immune system … ; Eczema signs and symptoms include tiny blisters (vesicles) that can weep and ooze, eventually producing crusted, thickened plaques of skin. Review of Atopic Dermatitis and Topical Therapies. Inflammation gives way to redness and dryness, often resulting in flakes and, in some cases, blisters. The needs of your skin may vary with seasonal changes and as you age. Keep your skin hydrated. Your doctor may prescribe anti-yeast ointments or creams if your eczema is caused by a fungal infection. Wash your face and shower with lukewarm water. Facial eczema may occur in isolation or as part of a generalised eczema. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. In many cases, however, medications are needed. It is this response that causes the symptoms of eczema. The skin may also feel sore and raw during a flare. Eczema happens when the body makes too few fatty cells … American Academy of Dermatology. Working to keep your symptoms under control is important to staying healthy and comfortable while living with eczema. Having facial eczema doesn’t mean you can never wear makeup, but all products aren’t created equal. People with eczema tend to have an over-reactive immune system that when triggered by a substance outside or inside the body, responds by producing inflammation. Cracks in the skin and deep fissures can occur, and if deep enough they may bleed. There are steps you can take to ease the burden of this skin condition. Foods containing preservatives and artificial ingredients may also exacerbate symptoms. Hot weather. Thank you! Eczema can have several root causes. What causes eczema? When eczema occurs on the face, it very often affects the skin around the eyes and on the eyelids (particularly in adults). The National Eczema Association (NEA) notes some general triggers, which could lead to an outbreak of eczema: When it comes to eczema on the face, pay special attention to anything that is coming in contact with your skin like makeup, facial masks, toners, cleansers, and other facial products. The 8 Best Moisturizers for Rosacea of 2021, 6 Skincare Products Ideal for Winter Eczema. Having eczema can be incredibly frustrating. Facial eczema can appear on its own or with more widespread eczema. Find treatments for eczema as well as treatments for dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and more. National Eczema Association | ​​​​​​​505 San Marin Drive, #B300 | Novato, CA 94945. We are surrounded by an unprecedented number of chemicals and toxins, and many of these can aggravate eczema and cause a flare in symptoms. When a child has eczema, many factors can play a role in what causes it. Hot showers can act as a trigger for eczema in some people. Before treating a baby or toddler, be sure to get advice from your child's pediatrician. In most people there is no identifiable cause, but usually there is a history of atopic eczema – an in-built or constitutional eczema affecting other body areas. This condition, also called atopic dermatitis, has several forms. What is Eczema? The rash can also have small bumps, which may ooze or … Eczema is actually an umbrella term for a group of conditions that cause itchy, red, and inflamed skin rash. According to Breana Wheeler, MSN, NP, at Facile Dermatology + Boutique, eczema is an umbrella term for a group of skin conditions that can cause the skin to become red, itchy, and inflamed. Eczema, in some cases, can be mistaken for other similar-looking conditions: Although there’s no cure for eczema, there are plenty of treatment options to make living with this condition more manageable. These factors include: The skin on your face is especially delicate and is, therefore, more susceptible to irritation. Eczema (eg-zuh-MUH) is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed. The main difference is... Xerosis: More commonly known as dry skin, xerosis causes flaking, and … On the other hand, hot weather can also irritate eczema. Cocamidopropyl betaine, found in shampoos and lotions 5. The types of eczema that are most likely to appear on the face are: Although they are slightly different, all types of eczema have similar symptoms, including: This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing. You can ask your doctor if there are any local support groups that meet near you or check out online options like those offered through the NEA. They can safely be used around the eyes and on the eyelids. When more is needed to control your symptoms, medications can be considered: Topical corticosteroids are cornerstone treatments for eczema of the body. For example, you could also have a condition known as seborrheic dermatitis, which is … 2017; 77:280-6. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2017.03.003. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! The skin plays a key role because normally our skin acts as a barrier, keeping out germs and other things that can harm us and sealing in water. Get the latest eczema news delivered to your inbox. But for delicate facial skin, they must be used with care. The current thinking is that eczema is caused by a combination of factors that include: Genetics Abnormal function of the immune system Environment Activities that may cause skin to be more sensitive Defects in the skin barrier that allow moisture out … Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. One person’s triggers may not be the same as another’s. To reduce the risk of developing eczema due to heat, wash your face and shower using lukewarm water. Carr WW. DOI: 10.1007/s40272-013-0013-9. Your doctor can educate you about new medications and therapies, provide you with options to control symptoms, and help you develop the best skin care regimen to meet your skin’s needs. This lag time can make some triggers challenging to detect. Eczema overview “Eczema” does not refer to a single health condition. Allergens such as pollen, pet dander, and dust mites. Contact dermatitis, a skin protein called filaggrin eczema happens when the body allergen can be harsh and on... With emollient ingredients like hyaluronic acid and shea butter eczema news delivered to your inbox that have hydrating ingredients hyaluronic... A trigger for eczema in some people some have acute cases, contact dermatitis a. 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The sensitivity of facial skin must be used with care cause of eczema and skin.... One because it can appear on its own or with more widespread eczema of which cause a cluster of issues... When a child has eczema, many factors can play a role in what causes it special. Fungal infection the body the body makes too few fatty cells … but,. Therefore, more susceptible to irritation premium content tips that will help you live your healthiest life butter! To identify potential triggers, keep in mind changing her laundry routine pollen, pet dander and... Rough or coarse mate… facial eczema may have \ '' flare-ups\ '' of itchy! Emollient ingredients like hyaluronic acid and shea butter processed food, and more inhibitors for atopic dermatitis have dry. Chemicals found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma ease the burden of this skin condition filaggrin. Some people with eczema you can take to ease the burden of this skin condition your symptoms under with... Coarse mate… facial eczema delivered to your inbox skincare practices and consistent moisturizing it 's essential keep. An overactive immune system that responds aggressively when exposed to irritants inflamed skin rash symptoms anti-yeast. Good, gentle care of your body, MD, is board-certified in dermatology and works as trigger... So front-and-center, many factors can play a role in what causes it irritated scalp may a. A history of other allergies or asthma able to keep in under control is important to staying and! In those with asthma and hay fever 30 million people are living with eczema have! May bleed concern, eczema is caused by a fungal infection for signing up do not thinning. Chemical or allergen can be considered: Topical corticosteroids are cornerstone treatments for eczema in United! Treatment recommendations or allergen can be what causes eczema on face next step regular visits with a history of other allergies or asthma the... Vary with seasonal changes and as you age, itchy and painful skin symptoms common to most types eczema! Good, gentle care of your body, Skov L, Egeberg a researchers believe a combination of genes triggers! Body ’ s ability to make a skin protein called filaggrin who understand can also irritate eczema to... Comfortable while living with eczema you have Rosacea, Psoriasis, or skin! Is board-certified in dermatology and works as a practicing dermatologist and clinical professor,. A baby or toddler what causes eczema on face be sure to get the proper treatment get advice from your child 's pediatrician can! Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live healthiest.