a tornado. Annie and Jack got to San Francisco. A.highly stressed (i.e.,bent) rock breaks and abruptly moves. In other areas where creep is NOT constant, strain can build up for hundreds of years, producing great earthquakes when it finally releases. 1906 — San Francisco, California, Magnitude: 8. B.asthenosphere is dragged over lithosphere. If you lived on an active fault and felt a small earthquake, what would that mean? The earthquake was triggered by a slip along the San Andreas Fault. A … The faults along the San Andreas Fault zone produce around 10,000 earthquakes a year. This means two fault blocks are moving past each other horizontally. In 1906 San Francisco was the ninth largest U.S. city with a population of 400,000, and over 225,000 were left homeless by the disaster. Which of the following is TRUE about seismographs taken far from the epicenter of the earthquake as compared to those that are closer? Which of the following is FALSE about the shaking from earthquakes? One of the most destructive earthquakes in California history happened on the Hayward Fault in 1868, when a magnitude 6.8 killed 30 people and caused significant damage to property. B. The San Andreas Fault—made infamous by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake—is a strike-slip fault. Earthquakes are caused by the sudden release of energy within some limited region of the rocks of the Earth. Which seismic waves are the last to reach a seismograph station? The convergent plates generate compressional forces as a result of plate subduction. A.Fault that cannot be seen at the surface. Mexico City was built on mud deposits. For example, look back on the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. There are three different types of faults that create them: the normal fault, the reverse fault and the strik… An earthquake is the sudden movement of the Earth's tectonic plates, resulting in shaking of the ground.This shaking can result in the damage of various structures such as buildings and further breakdown of the Earth's surface. D.is usually most intense when the surface waves arrive. One of the ways a fault is created is when two different types of rocks butt up against each other. D.P-waves cause the most damage in an earthquake. What is the difference between earthquake intensity and magnitude? 1. Earthquakes around the world are extremely common events with an estimated number of more than a million earthquakes every year. The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada. On its face, the earthquake was a colossal and uncontrollable "act of God," which stole thousands of lives. P-waves are the fastest seismic waves produced. D.Water from the reservoir would lower levels of the groundwater and promote the development of underground caves. The earthquake in San Francisco. Chicago rescued 20,000 victims, one of the largest sea evacuations in history, rivaling Dunkirk in World … Earthquakes can be human-made or natural, although the latter is more abundant. Which of the following human activities is NOT known to cause earthquakes? Why are most intermediate- to deep-focus earthquakes generated at convergent plate boundaries? San Francisco lays very close, if not on, the San Andreas fault, a line where two tectonic plates meet. Its epicentre was in the Forest of Nisene Marks State Park, near Loma Prieta peak in the Santa Cruz mountains, northeast of Santa Cruz and approximately 60 miles (100 km) south of San Francisco. Earthquakes along the east coast of the U.S. are generally felt at greater distances from the epicenter than similar sized earthquakes in California. Which of the following is NOT used to predict an earthquake? Which earthquake scale is based mostly on human opinion and perception of recent events? Earthquakes, somewhere on this rock, happen almost every day. Put Quizlet study sets to work when you prepare for tests in San Francisco Earthquake and other concepts today. During an earthquake, strain is released and then accumulated again until the next earthquake. Earthquakes can be predicted on a short term basis with considerable accuracy by careful measurement of precursor phenomena such as foreshocks and ground deformation. The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) through California. D.Bedrock causes more ground shaking than mud because the seismic waves are transmitted more efficiently in bedrock. Recall that transform plate boundaries occur where two tectonic plates are grinding parallel to each other rather than colliding or subducting. The energy can be released by elastic strain, gravity, chemical reactions, or even the motion of massive bodies. These earthquakes are not random; rather, they are the effect of different changes occurring in the earth’s crust for a long time. The main causes of earthquakes fall into five categories: 1. A collection of Javascript utilities to be incorporated into scientific courseware. Which scale is most useful to describe the absolute size of an earthquake and the energy released during an earthquake? The U.S. Geological Survey reports: During the 1906 earthquake in the San Francisco region, roads, fences, and rows of trees and bushes that crossed the fault were offset several yards, and the road across the head of Tomales Bay was offset almost 21 feet, the maximum offset recorded. Discover free flashcards, games, and test prep activities designed to help you learn about San Francisco Earthquake and other concepts. The earthquake caused about 3,000 deaths and over $524 million in property damages. Not all earthquakes are preceded by foreshocks. E.Legislate strict building codes that require strong and flexible buildings. 5. A.decreasing depth from the surface and decreasing distance to the epicenter. Because Japan is so well prepared for earthquakes, it receives little earthquake damage despite experiencing many earthquakes each year.Because Japan is so well prepared for earthquakes, it receives little earthquake damage despite experiencing many earthquakes each year. The San Francisco Bay Area is sliced and diced by a series of faults that together accommodate the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates. The San Andreas Fault is considered a potentially active fault because it has not produced a major quake in over 500 years. In which of the following faults does the hanging wall move down relative to the footwall? occurring on an individual fault in the San Francisco region is lower than the probabil- ity of an earthquake occurring anywhere in the region. There are about 2,000 earthquakes of magnitude 8 or higher every year; fortunately most of them occur in unpopulated areas. Most earthquakes are caused by the sudden release of energy by displacement of rocks along faults. There is 20 times more ground shaking associated with a magnitude 7 earthquake on the Richter scale compared to a magnitude 5 earthquake. What causes earthquakes in San Francisco? USGS even created a Google Earth simulation of this historic disaster. B.The area on the fault that has not moved in a long time. Which of the following is NOT a reason why building a reservoir would increase earthquakes? 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, California. 23 times. In the San Francisco Bay Area, the Hayward Fault was the site of a magnitude 7.0 earth… It is considered as one of the biggest Earthquakes in the history of San Francisco. The Pacific plate is moving northwest, scraping horizontally past North America at a rate of about 50 millimeters (2 inches) per year. Most earthquakes occur at a plate boundary, usually along the Circum-Pacific belt. This is a statement about the. Earthquakes are only found along tectonic plate boundaries. It forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and its motion is right-lateral strike-slip (horizontal). The death toll is uncertain. 1. E.on all plate boundaries and within tectonic plates. Whether tackling a problem set or studying for a test, Quizlet study sets help you retain key facts about San Francisco Earthquake. 1923 — … How will this affect the earthquake hazard there? a hurricane. C.In your backyard away from any buildings or power lines. a thunderstorm. Faults in earthquakes sometimes are preceded by ground uplift, but not always. Although the region was sparsely populated, the quake on the Hayward Fault was one of the most destructive in California’s history. Whenever there is movement along a fault, an earthquake is felt. Which seismic waves produce the smallest amplitude? The 1906 earthquake in San Francisco caused most of its casualties in the fires from ruptured gas lines. Earthquake in oceans is known as Tsunami, which is equally devastating. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at 5:12 a.m. on Wednesday, April 18 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).High-intensity shaking was felt from Eureka on the North Coast to the Salinas Valley, an agricultural region to the south of the San Francisco Bay Area. Select One: A. Strike-slip Faults From A Transform Plate Boundary B. 2. For earthquakes with a similar magnitude, earthquakes at deep depths tend to cause more damage than shallow earthquakes. The 1906 San Andreas fault event was preceded from 1881 to 1903 by 18 earthquakes of M ≥5.5 and was followed by quiescence, with only three earthquakes of M ≥5.5 until 1954. answer choices . Deadly earthquakes occur at transform plate boundaries, creating strike-slip faults, because they tend to have shallow focuses where the rupture occurs. Earthquakes are caused exclusively by plate tectonic activity and cannot be caused by human activities. The lowballing city figures may have been a public relations ploy to downplay the disaster with an eye on rebuilding the city. This earthquake occurred in 1906 with a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale. Question: Quiz 3* October 1st 2020 What Causes Earthquakes In San Francisco? The San Andreas fault caused the biggest earthquakes in California with an approximate magnitude 7.9 in 1857 (Southern California) and 1906 (San Francisco). Which kind of material would be prone to liquefaction during an earthquake? Which of the following could threaten an area after the initial shocks from an earthquake subside? The great earthquake broke loose some 20 to 25 seconds later, with an epicenter near San Francisco. What causes earthquakes in San Francisco? Earthquake in the Early Morning DRAFT. Thus it became known as “the great San Francisco earthquake,” at least at the time. On October 21, 1868, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck the San Francisco Bay area. D.No. Earthquake Faults: Faults are cracks in the earth's rocky crust that form the boundaries of large pieces of the crust, called tectonic plates. According to the elastic rebound model, earthquakes are caused by energy released when. B.comparing the arrival times of the S-and P-waves. answer choices . 2. only burned a few houses. Seismic gap refers to a region where no seismic activity ever occurs. The study of earthquakes is called seismology. You can determine the location of the epicenter of an earthquake by analyzing seismograph data from any single location. In general, there is more ground shaking from an earthquake with. D.Gravitational attraction between the Moon and the Earth. Vertical movement of rock occurs in all of the following faults EXCEPT. D.Excavating large amounts of materials to make buildings. Which of the following statements is FALSE about P-waves? Violent shocks punctuated the strong shaking which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds. During an earthquake will one side of the fault always rise up relative to the other side? If you knew that an earthquake was coming, where is the safest place to be? Add images, definitions, examples, synonyms, theories, and customize your content to study in the way that you learn best. The most famous example is California's San Andreas Fault, which stretches some 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) from southern California to north of … An Earthquake Of The Francisco Earthquake 984 Words | 4 Pages. Parts of the San Andreas Fault system adapt to this movement by constant "creep" resulting in many tiny shocks and a few moderate earth tremors. The earthquake caused. E.fractured rock that has been displaced, i.e., rocks on one side of the fracture have moved relative to the other side. Which of the following hazards from an earthquake can threaten areas that may not be close enough to feel shaking? Most are tiny, but occasionally one is massive. They typically happen along fault lines since the rock is weaker along a fault vs. along a non-faulted rocky area. The distance to the epicenter of an earthquake is found by. The fault divides into three segments, each with different characteristics and a different degree of earthquake risk. B.Intensity refers to the effects that earthquakes have, magnitude refers to energy released. Where along a fault are you most likely to see a large earthquake? Scientist project the San Andreas Fault line could cause a devastating earthquake in California by 2030. It looks like your browser needs an update. The great earthquake broke loose some 20 to 25 seconds later, with an epicenter near San Francisco. On April 20, the U.S.S. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. Which of the following is FALSE about slow earthquakes? Earthquake prediction is an area of intense scientific research. It is possible to develop an earthquake warning system that would provide 15 - 60 seconds of warning to an urban area before the arrival of damaging earthquake waves if the earthquake occurred far enough away. Multiple Choice Questions for Earthquakes - Chapter 16 Each chapter will include a few questions designed to test your knowledge of material covered in the chapter and in the Internet-based resources. Oh no! B.An earthquake of magnitude 3 on the Richter scale involves twice the amount of ground shaking as a magnitude 2 earthquake. The earthquakes of California are caused by the movement of huge blocks of the earth's crust- the Pacific and North American plates. Because tectonic plates are in motion, their edges move against each other and the friction causes earthquakes. The other way a fault is created is when the strata of the same type of rock are displaced either vertically or horizontally. In the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, most of the casualties were caused by the collapse of the Cypress Structure freeway in the East Bay area. D.The P and S waves will be farther apart. Which of the following best describes a fault? Try our newest study sets that focus on San Francisco Earthquake to increase your studying efficiency and retention. There can be many earthquakes over a short time frame in a small area. One of the worst oil spills in U.S. history was when a magnitude 8 earthquake struck near the Alaska pipeline and caused multiple large ruptures. Strike-slip faults tend to occur along the boundaries of plates that are sliding past each other. 2nd grade. English. Which of the following statements is FALSE about the magnitude of earthquakes? E.The fault is releasing energy, but it is not enough to know what might happen next. Which of the following is the most realistic approach to minimizing earthquake hazards? The faults in the region with the highest estimated probability of generat- ing damaging earthquakes between 2014 and 2043 are the Hayward, Rodgers Creek, Calaveras, and San Andreas Faults. The last major earthquake struck the fault in 1906 in the San Fransisco Bay Area but the USGS is not convinced the scale and intensity of future earthquakes can … Earthquake magnitude on the Richter scale is determined by the size of the area damaged from an earthquake. They're customizable and designed to help you study and learn more effectively. Violent shocks punctuated the strong shaking which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds. Strong earthquakes have been felt in Southeast Missouri, what causes these earthquakes? Liquefaction, which happens when loosely packed, water-logged sediments lose their strength in response to strong shaking, causes major damage during earthquakes. D.subduction at a convergent plate boundary. A.decreasing depth from the surface and decreasing distance to the epicenter. B.Strike-slip faults from a transform plate boundary. Different ground types will causes different amounts of damage to buildings. About 3,000 people died from the earthquake, on the San Andreas Fault, and resulting fire. many fires. According to the elastic rebound model, earthquakes are caused by energy released when A.highly stressed (i.e.,bent) rock breaks and abruptly moves. Two 3.4 magnitude earthquakes struck hours apart in the same area in Northern California on Sunday, according to officials. City officials estimated the casualties at 700 but more modern calculations say about 3,000 lost their lives. The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada. 21 October 2015 1906 San Francisco Earthquake An earthquake is the vibration of the Earth produced by the rapid release of energy. The 150th anniversary of the 1868 earthquake, and all historical earthquake anniversaries, are opportunities to remind people that we live in earthquake country and Browse our most popular study sets to study the information you need to prepare confidently for your next test. 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