It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. The Roman emperor Claudius added another building to the complex. At Ancient Origins we believe that one of... Read More. Nevertheless, this particular story has something of the happy ending. What exactly happened to this amazing storehouse of ancient knowledge, and who was responsible for its burning? Ptolemy II, who became the ruler of Egypt after Alexander the Great in the third century BC, was a great patron of learning. Over 100 scholars lived at the Museum full time to perform research, write, lecture or translate and copy documents. Dive in and test your knowledge! He said: ''Besides this there are many lofty temples, and especially one to Serapis, which, although no words can adequately describe it, we may yet say, from its splendid halls supported by pillars, and its beautiful statues and other embellishments, is so superbly decorated, that next to the Capitol, of which the ever-venerable Rome boasts, the whole world has nothing worthier of admiration. It housed anywhere between 650,000 to one million scrolls, which was basically everything ever written up until that point. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about... Owing to fluctuations in the earth’s temperatures, the sea levels all over the world rose and fell in more or less regular intervals during the Pleistocene between 400,000 to 12,000 years ago. Legendary Claddagh Rings: What are the True Origins of these Symbolic Irish Wedding Rings? After his death, his friend (or perhaps step brother) Ptolemy I became the pharaoh of Egypt. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ). The Temple of Serapis was estimated to hold about ten percent of the overall Library of Alexandria's holdings. Some regard the death of Hypatia as the final destruction of the Library. Others blame Theophilus for destroying the last of the scrolls when he razed the Temple of Serapis prior to making it a Christian church. The burning of the Library of Alexandria ranks among the worst crimes ever committed against humanity. Their creators had no need to save or archive them and as such those first examples of writing are lost. Statue of Demetrius at the entrance of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The facade of Celsusâ library in Ephesus, built 400 years after Alexandriaâs Library. Answer to: What knowledge was lost in the Library of Alexandria? Caesar wrote of starting the fire in the harbor but neglected to mention the burning of the Library. It is also quite likely that even if the Museum was destroyed with the main library the outlying "daughter" library at the Temple of Serapis continued on. MMDE: Thousands. Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. Upon learning of "a great library containing all the knowledge of the world" the conquering general supposedly asked Caliph Omar for instructions. Unfortunately most of the writers from Plutarch (who apparently blamed Caesar) to Edward Gibbons (a staunch atheist or deist who liked very much to blame Christians and blamed Theophilus) to Bishop Gregory (who was particularly anti-Moslem, blamed Omar) all had an axe to grind and consequently must be seen as biased. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Current: None. But how and why it was lost is still a mystery. 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There are many reported human skeletal finds which are in discordance with current evolutionary beliefs dating back to anomalously ancient geological periods in the distant past, way before it is accepted that human beings ever existed. They translate them from Hebrew. Is St Catherine of Alexandria a Fictional Person Based on Hypatia of Alexandria? The library continued to operate afterward, and while the extent to which it was destroyed is uncertain, there were undoubtedly countless irreplaceable texts lost. Immediately after the death of Hierax a group of Jews who had helped instigate his killing lured more Christians into the street at night by proclaiming that the Church was on fire. Shortly after that, riots broke out when Hierax, a Christian monk, was publicly killed by order of Orestes the city Prefect. If he was solely to blame for the disappearance of the Library it is very likely significant documentation on the affair would exist today. 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