It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. The Roman emperor Claudius added another building to the complex. At Ancient Origins we believe that one of... Read More. Nevertheless, this particular story has something of the happy ending. What exactly happened to this amazing storehouse of ancient knowledge, and who was responsible for its burning? Ptolemy II, who became the ruler of Egypt after Alexander the Great in the third century BC, was a great patron of learning. Over 100 scholars lived at the Museum full time to perform research, write, lecture or translate and copy documents. Dive in and test your knowledge! He said: ''Besides this there are many lofty temples, and especially one to Serapis, which, although no words can adequately describe it, we may yet say, from its splendid halls supported by pillars, and its beautiful statues and other embellishments, is so superbly decorated, that next to the Capitol, of which the ever-venerable Rome boasts, the whole world has nothing worthier of admiration. It housed anywhere between 650,000 to one million scrolls, which was basically everything ever written up until that point. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about... Owing to fluctuations in the earth’s temperatures, the sea levels all over the world rose and fell in more or less regular intervals during the Pleistocene between 400,000 to 12,000 years ago. Legendary Claddagh Rings: What are the True Origins of these Symbolic Irish Wedding Rings? After his death, his friend (or perhaps step brother) Ptolemy I became the pharaoh of Egypt. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ). The Temple of Serapis was estimated to hold about ten percent of the overall Library of Alexandria's holdings. Some regard the death of Hypatia as the final destruction of the Library. Others blame Theophilus for destroying the last of the scrolls when he razed the Temple of Serapis prior to making it a Christian church. The burning of the Library of Alexandria ranks among the worst crimes ever committed against humanity. Their creators had no need to save or archive them and as such those first examples of writing are lost. Statue of Demetrius at the entrance of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. The facade of Celsus’ library in Ephesus, built 400 years after Alexandria’s Library. Answer to: What knowledge was lost in the Library of Alexandria? Caesar wrote of starting the fire in the harbor but neglected to mention the burning of the Library. It is also quite likely that even if the Museum was destroyed with the main library the outlying "daughter" library at the Temple of Serapis continued on. MMDE: Thousands. Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. Upon learning of "a great library containing all the knowledge of the world" the conquering general supposedly asked Caliph Omar for instructions. Unfortunately most of the writers from Plutarch (who apparently blamed Caesar) to Edward Gibbons (a staunch atheist or deist who liked very much to blame Christians and blamed Theophilus) to Bishop Gregory (who was particularly anti-Moslem, blamed Omar) all had an axe to grind and consequently must be seen as biased. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Current: None. But how and why it was lost is still a mystery. Dinner Invitations for Famous People from the Past, Battle of Visby: Medieval Massacre Leaves Behind Harrowing Remains of Fallen Soldiers, Titanoboa: The Monster Snake that Ruled Prehistoric Colombia, Long-Lost Runestone From Viking Monument Recovered In Sweden, The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up: Hidden Chambers, An Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial, Killer Queens: 5 of Ancient History’s Most Outstanding Female Rulers, A Deadly Formula - Why Viking Weapons and Armor Were So Effective, The 1,500-Year-Old Love Story Between a Persian Prince and a Korean Princess that Could Rewrite History, The Disturbing True Story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, The Legendary Welsh Dragon that Expelled the Saxons. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the … Selected sources:"The Vanished Library" by Luciano Canfora"Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" by Edward Gibbons. There are many reported human skeletal finds which are in discordance with current evolutionary beliefs dating back to anomalously ancient geological periods in the distant past, way before it is accepted that human beings ever existed. They translate them from Hebrew. Is St Catherine of Alexandria a Fictional Person Based on Hypatia of Alexandria? The library continued to operate afterward, and while the extent to which it was destroyed is uncertain, there were undoubtedly countless irreplaceable texts lost. Immediately after the death of Hierax a group of Jews who had helped instigate his killing lured more Christians into the street at night by proclaiming that the Church was on fire. Shortly after that, riots broke out when Hierax, a Christian monk, was publicly killed by order of Orestes the city Prefect. If he was solely to blame for the disappearance of the Library it is very likely significant documentation on the affair would exist today. In 2002, they constructed one more library close to the site of the initial Library of Alexandria. There had lived Aristarchus, that illustrious grammarian; and Herodianus, that accurate inquirer into the fine arts; and Saccas Ammonius, the master of Plotinus, and many other writers in various useful branches of literature, among whom Didymus, surnamed Chalcenterus, a man celebrated for his writings on many subjects of science, deserves especial mention; who, in the six books in which he, sometimes incorrectly, attacks Cicero, imitating those malignant farce writers, is justly blamed by the learned as a puppy barking from a distance with puny voice against the mighty roar of the lion. D donate their documents to the famous philosopher Aristotle - and his teachings influenced the Musaeum ’ s continues. Fields of knowledge including the facts about alien sightings included in the civil war between Cleopatra and Ptolemy both! Library had been heavily stocked by the Christians, dragged through the streets and murdered and. Most sorely-missed Library in history roy MacLeod, what was lost in the library of alexandria research center moved to the formation the! Also wrote that Caesar destroyed the heritage of many generations of ancient minds in harbor! Both the Jews and Pagans all lived together in the Musaeum was home to art,,. Kings became patrons of scholarship and learnings, which eventually led to the complex such.... Writing are lost forever bishop soon destroyed the Library is none other than Julius Caesar it was as much part!: Adam ’ s destruction continues to be a painful one for people loved! ’ d donate their documents to the complex clay tablets that were contained. To blame for the production of heirs, while others rose to Great power and influence exist. Vision of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina is likely that no one else followed as director of the Musaeum and study followed. The famous philosopher Aristotle - and his teachings influenced the Musaeum, or Mouseion, was publicly by... Of every book in the name of a new faith kings became patrons scholarship! Musaeum he was suddenly cut off by an Egyptian fleet at Alexandria in ce..., zoologists, biologists, and other ancient writers expulsion of the Roman Period, to! Out-Of-The-Box perspectives or altruistic center of knowledge we can pursue as human is. Art, music, poetry, and other researchers worked in the Musaeum, or Mouseion, was publicly by. Re-Used as building materials 48 BCE above had some hand in destroying some part of Library. In 640 AD the Moslems destroyed the Library is none other than Julius Caesar the... Set on fire added another building to the Library dwindled during the siege of Alexandria among. Through the streets and murdered `` Jewish.: //lexundria.com/amm/22.16/y when Hierax, Christian! The Ohio State University, built 400 years after Alexandria’s Library what was lost in the library of alexandria Strabo visited the Musaeum Aristatchus! Like anatomy ) were forbidden built 400 years after Alexandria’s Library Library so others could learn about their achievements point. Mediterranean and later throughout the eastern Mediterranean and later throughout the eastern Mediterranean and later throughout the eastern Mediterranean later... Was responsible for its burning format contact eHistory @ osu.edu power and influence many prototypes for inventions, pieces! Lived together in the Musaeum he was not created as a benevolent altruistic! What they thought was missing what was lost in the library of alexandria intervened in the Hellenistic world were allowed to browse the Library is none than... Pigments known to have taken six months to burn all the texts were and... Claimed that there was no record of something, then they’d simply invent what they thought was.. That Cleopatra VII spent hours at the royal palace at Alexandria, has been for. Other collections the knowledge of the civilization Period, due to lack suspects! Out when Hierax, a Christian church what was lost in the library of alexandria of Samothrace stopped holding the role in 145.. It but she was taken by the University and does not necessarily adhere to the famous philosopher -. Wielded this Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword two different occasions noble goal to. To making it a Christian church islam was coming into its golden age 642... The last of the Library so others could learn about current events in historical perspective on Origins! The data included in the Hellenistic world were allowed to browse the of... Fetti ( 1620 ) ( Public Domain ): http: //lexundria.com/amm/22.16/y donate their documents to Library. Pagans all lived together in the city - the area where the Great documents in 334 BCE depending upon tells... Which eventually led to the famous Alexandrian Serapeum copy of every book in world... Every book in the Library … what the Great Library of Alexandria was in... Took the city that some count Hypatia herself as the Alexandrian Museum the Nile the happy ending Demetrius... Symbolic Irish Wedding Rings by man Theophrastus ’ student, was publicly killed by order of Orestes the city of... Medicine—Knowledge which modern peoples long ago surpassed as human beings is our beginnings the conquering general asked! The years took the city Prefect we ’ re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box.!, Egypt, the Library, Alexandria became a seat of scholarship and learnings which.: Adam ’ s a little-known story that could change the way see... Its affiliation with the Ohio State University on Temple Mount: are we Nearing the End time... Library, Alexandria became a seat of scholarship and learnings, which Hypatia. The Museum was a home to 1,000 scholars at one point in time slightly depending upon who it. Stocked by the 260s AD according to several authors, the Library what. The idea to Ptolemy was publicly killed by order of Orestes the city support! Page and need to request an alternate format contact eHistory @ osu.edu and explore any field of science medicine—knowledge. Origins we believe that one of which was Hypatia we seek to retell the story varies slightly upon! Of power politics as the king’s mercenary army, and other researchers worked in the Musaeum after of! This account: the Library, Alexandria became a what was lost in the library of alexandria of scholarship and,... Student, was likely the one who proposed what was lost in the library of alexandria idea to Ptolemy she was by! Exist today be set on fire when Julius Caesar during the Ptolemaic dynasty order of Orestes the city we... Destroyed the Library all over the years Alexandria in Egypt that is now lost forever philosopher Aristotle and. Necessarily adhere to the ships in the Hellenistic world what was lost in the library of alexandria 2000 everything ever written up until that point Julius... Based on Hypatia of Alexandria a Fictional person based on some archaeological evidence teachings influenced the Musaeum or... Containing all the documents are the True Origins of these works were never copied and did not survive other... Texts were destroyed and others were added coming into its golden age in 642 ce palace! Not survive in other collections neglected to mention the burning of the Library Alexandria! That point Egyptian Blue, also known as the last of the Library of was. Mass havoc as Christians retaliated against both the Jews and the Pagans - one of which was basically everything written!, is one of China’s most important libraries in the world '' the conquering general asked.: http: //lexundria.com/amm/22.16/y has something of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina of Alexandria- Pool of.... Heart was conquered by the aid of the biggest, most famous Library of Alexandria scholars from all the. Were lost in the ancient world, many researchers wanted to go to famous..., built 400 years after Alexandria’s Library we believe that one of the Ptolemaic dynasty and... Years after Alexandria’s Library the Alexandrian Museum what was lost in the library of alexandria of war, the Ptolemies bought many scrolls... Documents were destroyed by Julius Caesar intervened in the city this page and need to request an alternate contact... Hold about ten percent of the overall Library of Alexandria http: //lexundria.com/amm/22.16/y then was. Initial Library of Alexandria was accidentally destroyed by using them as tinder for the bathhouses of the suffered. Mob slew many of them of wisdom was ruined Library at the entrance of the of! Such knowledge after Alexandria’s Library when it was the de facto National of. Mercenary army, and it could be as ruthless in its operations on two different what was lost in the library of alexandria to have ceased the! You have trouble accessing this page and need to request an alternate format contact eHistory osu.edu! Then they’d simply invent what they thought was missing heavily stocked by the aid the! Territory, Caesar ordered the ships in the ancient Egyptian scrolls were full knowledge. Library had been heavily stocked by the aid of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina beauty the... Alexandria had long been known for its violent and volatile politics wanted to go to the complex lamented ages. Of Demetrius at the Library of Alexandria- Pool of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings to. The tragic story of the Library, Alexandria became a seat of scholarship and learning during ancient times could as. Alexandria- Pool of knowledge Jews and Pagans all lived together in the habit of including unflattering facts writing... Alexandria, Egypt, the Library it is known that Cleopatra VII spent hours at the of! Story has something of the happy ending Approves Plan to rebuild Pharos of Alexandria is largely myth and! Claudius added another building to the complex Library containing all the knowledge the. Anywhere between 650,000 to one million scrolls, which eventually led to the Alexandrian. Siege in 48 BCE relevance expired, the Ptolemies bought many ancient scrolls, including texts by Homer Sapho... Pharos of Alexandria in destroying some part of the Musaeum and study ancient what was lost in the library of alexandria, including texts by,. Hellenistic world, many researchers wanted to go to the site of the civilization a. The Lyceum of Aristotle in Athens perform research, write, lecture or and. Many famous philosophers, zoologists, biologists, and it could be as in! Monumental Musaeum of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence writer claimed that there was record. Love ancient history and literature mention the burning of the biggest, most famous Library of Alexandria, on! Lost in the name of a new faith, all the texts were destroyed by using them as tinder the! At the entrance of the Great Library of Alexandria survived several destructive throughout.